Workshop on Advances in the Use of Historical Marine Climate Data (MARCDAT-I)

29 January-1 February 2002

Boulder, Colorado, USA

 

Organized by NOAA, Met Office and Japan Meteorological Agency

Sponsored by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) and the World Meteorological Organization

 

 

 


Photo caption:  Abstract log of the US Frigate Constitution, 1854-1855.  Naval Observatory volume #345; Deutscher Wetterdienst Registration #8148.  Reprinted from Braun, D.S., 2000: Scientific vision, a passion for observation, and the impetus for change: Germany loans Maury logs to the National Climatic Data Center.  Earth System Monitor, 11, No. 1, 4-7.

 

Organizers:

 

Henry Diaz

NOAA/CDC

USA

Chris Folland

Hadley Centre, Met Office

UK

Teruko Manabe

Ocean Affairs Division

WMO

David Parker

Hadley Centre, Met Office

UK

Dick Reynolds

NOAA/NCDC

USA

Scott Woodruff

NOAA/CDC

USA

    

Scope and purpose of workshop:  A workshop to build on the blend of the US Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS), with the UK Met. Office Main Marine Data Bank (MDB), plus with newly digitized data in the US and from other international partners.  The blend, encompassing 1784-1997, will provide the climate research community with an unprecedented assembly of in situ marine data.  Sea surface temperature (SST) measurements will be an important topic.  A key focus of the meeting will be on the work of the SST and Sea-Ice Working Group (SST/SI WG) of the GCOS/WCRP Atmospheric Observation and Ocean Observations Panels for Climate (AOPC/OOPC), as well as new NOAA initiatives in the SST area.  After SST, other crucial climate variables are to be considered (in priority order):

     *  sea ice concentration and extent

     *  nighttime and daytime marine air temperature (MAT)

     *  sea level pressure

     *  wind

 

The discussions of sea level pressure and wind data will be coordinated with the Mean Sea Level Pressure Working Group recently set up through the GCOS/WCRP AOPC.

 

Main goals:

·        Create a timetable for enhancing in situ marine datasets in more than one phase, taking account of plans for further digitization of data.

·        Develop a strategy for creating alternative SST, sea-ice and marine air temperature analyses, including appropriate satellite data, to test models against the legitimate uncertainties in "reasonable" alternative analysis methods.

·        Consider strategies for the joint analysis of surface pressure and wind data, taking account of time-varying biases in the wind data.

·        Make recommendations for blending appropriate marine and land-based data to achieve globally complete surface data sets.

·        Take account of recommendations made by the CLIVAR Climate of the Twentieth Century Project, where a key component involves AGCMs being forced with observed SST and sea-ice extent by around 11 groups.

    

Participants: Members of the SST/SI WG, plus research groups active in the assembly and processing of historical marine data, and of products for SST/SI and other variables (by invitation).


Reprints: summarizing the workshop results and recommendations:
Article for the WMO Bulletin, October issue (pdf file here)
Article for CLIVAR Exchanges, September issue (pdf file here).

 

Timetable

Title in blue indicates abstract available (pdf file here)

Name in blue links to pdf file of presentation

 

 

Tuesday, January 29th

 

 

 

 

0845

Welcoming Remarks (5min)             

Randy Dole

0850

Workshop Goals (15min)           

Chris Folland

0905

Logistics and Other Remarks (5min)

Henry Diaz

 

 

 

 

Session 1: Historical Marine Data Sets

 

 

 

 

0910

Overview of the International Marine Observational Archive and COADS (25min)

Scott Woodruff

0935

The Kobe Collection (20min)

Yasuhiro Minamoto

0955

Marine Data Sets from the UK (25min)

Simon Tett

1020

The German Historical Marine Archive (15min)

Volker Wagner

1035

Climatological Database for the World’s Oceans 1750-1850 (CLIWOC) (15min)

David Parker

 

 

 

 

 

 

1050

Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

1110

World Ocean Database 2001 (25min)

Cathy Stephens

1135

The Research Vessel Surface Meteorology Data Center Archive (25min)

Shawn Smith

1200

Data Access to Marine Surface Observations and Products from COADS (25min)

Steve Worley

1225

Access to Marine Data Sets Over the Web—Requirements to Support Research Users (25min)

Roland Schweitzer

1250

The VOSClim Project and the WMO Ship Catalog (WMO-No.47) (15min)

Teruko Manabe

 

 

 

1305

Lunch (80min)

 

 

 

 

 

Session 2: Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice

 

 

 

 

1425

Bias Adjustments to Historical SST (25min)

Chris Folland

1450

Bias Adjustments, Quality Control, and Analyses of Historic SST (25min)

Tom Smith

1515

Improvement of Trimming in COADS (25min)

Xiao-Wei Quan

1540

An Integrated Approach to the Production of an Optimal High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Analysis (25min)

Andy Harris

1605

Tea/Coffee (20min)

 

1625

Sea Ice Data: A Review (25min)

Jim Maslanik

1650

 

Sea Ice Data Sets Available within the WMO GDSIDB Project and Future Candidates (25min)

Vasily Smolianitsky

1715

General discussion (15min)

 

1730

Adjourn (30min)

 

 

 

 

1800-1930

Reception/Ice Breaker

 

 

 

 

 

Wednesday, January 30th

 

 

 

 

0845

Creating the HadSST Gridded in situ SST Analysis (25min)

David Parker

0910

JMA Gridded SST Analysis (25min)

Yasuhiro Minamoto

0935

SST Analysis by Temperature Class (25min)

Ken Casey

1000

Construction and Testing of the Globally Complete HadISST1 Data Set (25min)

Nick Rayner

1025

High Resolution Objective Analysis of Historical SSTs: Small-scale, Long-term, and Sea-ice aspects (25min)

Alexey Kaplan

 

 

 

1050

Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

1110

Validating Satellite Infrared Sea Surface Temperatures with In Situ VOS Data (20min)

Bill Emery

1130

An Improved In Situ and Satellite SST Analysis for Climate (25min)

Dick Reynolds

1155

Summary of Results from High-Resolution SST Workshop (25min)

Gary Wick

1220

Advances in Microwave Sea Surface Temperature (25min)

Andy Harris for: Chelle Gentemann

 

 

 

1245

Lunch (75min)

 

 

 

 

1400

Towards Improved Validation of Satellite Sea Surface Skin Temperature Measurements for Climate Research (20min)

Andy Harris for: Chelle Gentemann

1420

SST, Marine Air and Tropospheric Temperatures (20min)

John Christy

 

 

 

 

Session 3: Marine Air Temperature

 

1440

Construction and Testing of the HadMAT Gridded Night Marine Air Temperature Analysis (25min)

David Parker

1505

Assessing Biases in Recent in situ SST and Marine Air Temperature (25min)

Elizabeth Kent

 

 

 

1530

Tea/Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Session 4: Sea level pressure and wind

 

 

 

 

1550

Plans for the AOPC Mean Sea Level Pressure Working Group (20min)

David Parker for: Rob Allan

1610

The Hadley Centre Mean Sea Level Pressure HadSLP Data Set (20min)

Rob Allan and David Parker

1630

The FSU Wind Fields (20min)

Jim O’Brien

1650

New Objective FSU Wind and Flux Climatologies (20min)

Mark Bourassa

1710

Special section: Recognition of Joe Fletcher’s contributions to the marine surface record (20min)

 

1730

Adjourn

 

 

 

 

 

Thursday, January 31st

 

 

 

 

0845

Historical Analysis of Marine Sea Level Pressure and Wind Components: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (20min)

Alexey Kaplan

0905

Feasibility of Reanalysis Before the Radiosonde Era (20min)

Gil Compo

0925

Hindcasting Winds and Waves Using Kinematic Analysis (20min)

Val Swail

 

 

 

 

Session 5: Additional presentations

 

0945

On the Pacific Ocean Regime Shift (15min)

Cathy Stephens

1000

Temporal Variability in Satellite and Analysis SST Data (15min)

Ed Armstrong and Jorge Vazquez-Cuervo

1015

The Instrumental Record of ENSO Variability: 1840s to Present (15min) and Negative COADS 1c Sea-level Pressure Anomalies in the 1850s

Todd Mitchell

 

 

 

1030

Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

 

Breakout sessions

 

 

 

 

1050

Organization and initial gathering of breakout sessions (100min)

 

 

 

 

1230

Lunch (90min)

 

 

 

 

1400

Breakout sessions (continued) (120min)

 

 

 

 

1600

Tea/Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

1620

Breakout sessions (continued) (40min)

 

1700

Initial reports from breakout sessions (60min)

 

1800

Adjourn

 

 

 

 

 

Friday, February 1st

 

 

 

 

0845

Breakout sessions (continued) (60min)

 

 

 

 

 

Concluding plenary session

 

 

 

 

0945

Written reports from breakout sessions (45min)

 

 

 

 

1030

Coffee (20min)

 

 

 

 

1050

Completion of written reports from breakout groups (70min)

 

1200

Future plans (30min)

 

1230

Workshop closes

 

 

Breakout sessions:

SST, air temperature and sea ice

(Chair: Chris Folland; Rapporteur: Dick Reynolds)

Mean sea level pressure and wind

(Chair: David Parker; Rapporteur: Val Swail)

Technical requirements

(Chair and Rapporteur: Steve Worley)

 

Contact points for further information:

 

Scott Woodruff

David Parker

Climate Diagnostics Center

Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research

NOAA/OAR (R/CDC1)

Met Office

325 Broadway

London Road, Bracknell

Boulder, CO  80305  USA             

Berkshire  RG12 2SY  UK

Phone: +1-303-497-6747        

Phone: +44-1344-85-6649

Fax:   +1-303-497-7013        

Fax:   +44-1344-85-4898

e-mail: sdw@cdc.noaa.gov            

e-mail: david.parker@metoffice.com

http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/            

http://www.metoffice.com/

 


Annex 1: Acronyms and Other Abbreviations

 

AARI

Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg/Russia

AES

Atmospheric Environment Service/Canada

AGCM

Atmospheric General Circulation Model

AOPC

Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate

CCAR

Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research

CDC

Climate Diagnostics Center/NOAA

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability Programme

CLIWOC

Climatological Database for the World's Oceans 1750-1850

COADS

Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set

COAPS

Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies/FSU

DWD

Deutscher Wetterdienst

ETL

Environmental Technology Laboratory/NOAA

FSU

Florida State University

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

GDSIDB

Global Digital Sea Ice Data Bank

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

JCOMM

Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

JISAO

Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean

JMA

Japan Meteorological Agency

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory/NASA

Met Office

UK Meteorological Office

MAT

Marine Air Temperature

MDB

UK Marine Data Bank

NASA

US National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

US National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDC

National Climatic Data Center/NOAA

NOAA

US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NODC

National Oceanographic Data Center/NOAA

NSIDC

US National Snow and Ice Data Center

NWS

National Weather Service/NOAA

OOPC

Ocean Observations Panel for Climate

SI

Sea Ice

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

WCRP

World Climate Research Programme

WMO

World Meteorological Organization


Annex 2. List of Participants

Note: There were 39 participants; 3 cancellations appear in blue

Link to pdf Address List here

 

Key:

 Org   Member of Organizing Committee

 ^^    Chair of GCOS/WCRP AOPC/OOPC SST/Sea-Ice Working Group

 ^     Member of GCOS/WCRP AOPC/OOPC SST/Sea-Ice Working Group

 **    Co-convenor of GCOS/WCRP AOPC Surface Pressure Working Group

 *     Member of GCOS/WCRP AOPC Surface Pressure Working Group

 ##    Chair of JCOMM Expert Team on Marine Climatology

 #     Member of JCOMM Expert Team on Marine Climatology

 %     Chair of JCOMM Expert Team on Wind Waves and Storm Surges

 +     Chair of JCOMM Expert Team on Sea Ice

 

Rob Allan**

Hadley Centre, Met Office

rob.allan@metoffice.com

Ed Armstrong

NASA/JPL

ed@seastore.jpl.nasa.gov

David Berry

Southampton Oceanography Centre

dyb@soc.soton.ac.uk

Mark Bourassa

COAPS/FSU

bourassa@coaps.fsu.edu

Kenneth Casey

NOAA/NODC

Kenneth.Casey@noaa.gov

John Christy

Univ. Alabama

christy@atmos.uah.edu

Gilbert Compo*

NOAA/CDC

gpc@cdc.noaa.gov

Henry Diaz (Org)

NOAA/CDC

hfd@cdc.noaa.gov

Randy Dole

NOAA/CDC

rmd@cdc.noaa.gov

Bill Emery^

University of Colorado

emery@orbit.colorado.edu

Joe Fletcher

(Sequim, Washington)

fletcher@olypen.com

Chris Folland (Org)

Hadley Centre, Met Office

chris.folland@metoffice.com

Chelle Gentemann

Remote Sensing Systems

gentemann@remss.com

Andy Harris

NOAA/NESDIS

Andy.Harris@noaa.gov

Jim Hurrell^

NCAR

jhurrell@ucar.edu

Roy Jenne

NCAR

jenne@ucar.edu

Alexey Kaplan^

Lamont-Doherty

alexeyk@ldeo.columbia.edu

Elizabeth Kent^

Southampton Oceanography Centre

Elizabeth.C.Kent@soc.soton.ac.uk

Sandy Lubker

NOAA/CDC

sjl@cdc.noaa.gov

Teruko Manabe (Org)

WMO/Ocean Affairs Div.

manabe_t@gateway.wmo.ch

Jim Maslanik^

NSIDC and CCAR

james.maslanik@colorado.edu

Mirek Mietus##

Inst. Met. & Water Mgmt., Poland

mietus@imgw.gdynia.pl

Yasuhiro Minamoto

Japan Met. Agency

minamoto@met.kishou.go.jp

Todd Mitchell

JISAO/University of Washington

mitchell@atmos.washington.edu

Jim O'Brien

COAPS/FSU

obrien@coaps.fsu.edu

David Parker (Org)

Hadley Centre, Met Office

david.parker@metoffice.com

Xiao-Wei Quan^

NOAA/CDC

qxw@cdc.noaa.gov

Nick Rayner^

Hadley Centre, Met Office

nick.rayner@metoffice.com

Dick Reynolds^^ (Org)

NOAA/NCDC

Richard.W.Reynolds@noaa.gov

Roland Schweitzer

NOAA/CDC

rhs@cdc.noaa.gov

Shawn Smith

COAPS/FSU

SMITH@coaps.fsu.edu

Tom Smith    

NOAA/NCDC

Tom.Smith@noaa.gov

Vasily Smolianitsky+

AARI, St. Petersburg

vms@aari.nw.ru

Cathy Stephens

NOAA/NODC

cstephens@nodc.noaa.gov

Val Swail%

AES, Canada

Val.Swail@ec.gc.ca

Simon Tett

Hadley Centre, Met Office

simon.tett@metoffice.com

Jorge Vazquez-Cuervo^

NASA/JPL

jorge.vazquez@jpl.nasa.gov

Volker Wagner

DWD

volker.wagner@dwd.de

Gary Wick^

NOAA/ETL

Gary.A.Wick@noaa.gov

Klaus Wolter

NOAA/CDC

kew@cdc.noaa.gov

Scott Woodruff^*# (Org)

NOAA/CDC

sdw@cdc.noaa.gov

Steve Worley

NCAR

worley@ucar.edu